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Treatment of sleep disorders: how to do it?

We are in a very agitated society, which generates stress, anxiety, and sleep disorders.
Many people use medication to sleep. Why? Because there are many factors involved in disrupting sleep. Some people spend their time-fighting insomnia. In search of restful sleep, patients with insomnia usually consult a sleep doctor or stay in a sleep clinic. In short, more and more individuals are confronted with these ailments and are by extension led to ask the following question: how to treat sleep disorders?
Whatever steps are taken, what falls under the pathology of sleep can not be cured with Valerian or sleeping pills. And even less with benzodiazepines. It is not a solution, only a sort of worst case.
The lack of sleep has serious consequences. Indeed, we know that lack of sleep is a tool of torture. In any case, in some people of certain states (follow my gaze), sleep deprivation is, therefore, a formidable weapon.
Anyway, sleep disorders have their specificities. Their shapes. And each of them has specific symptoms and important consequences on the daily life of each of us.
For example, I am thinking of the following consequences (what follows is only a tiny part of reality and the list is not exhaustive). And knowing that these consequences of lack of sleep are also causes of sleep problems:
  • Sleep apnea syndrome
  • Hypertension
  • Vigilance disorders
  • Obesity
  • Restless legs syndrome
  • Excessive daytime sleepiness
With this article's help, I present sleep disorders in their different aspects and discover how to treat sleep disorders.
 

The different types of sleep disorders

We talk about sleep disorders about any phenomenon that affects your sleep, either in its quality or quantity. Therefore, which prevents you from enjoying the benefits of "normal" sleep in the therapeutic and recuperative sense of the term.
Before exploring the causes of your sleep disturbances, it should be mentioned that there are generally three kinds:
  • Dyssomnias
  • Parasomnias
  • disorders related to mental illness.
In general, these conditions, vectors of sleep disorders, are of the following order:
  • Psychiatric
  • Psychological
  • Physiological
  • Environmentally related
  • Related to the hygiene of life
It is said that sleep disorders have psychological and even psychiatric causes. This is valid because their origins relate to post-traumatic stress, emotional shock, or even a mood disorder ( depression, anxiety ).
The physiological causes of sleep disorder are, among others, diseases of origin:
  • Viral
  • Neurological
  • Genetic
They can also be linked to a:
  • Cancer
  • Epilepsy
  • Fever
  • Migraine
  • Sleep debt
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Sleep Apnea
Apneas and snoring are caused by:
  • Sagging walls of the throat
  • A tongue that is too heavy and too big
  • The sagging of the tongue towards the back of the throat
  • An overweight problem
  • Nasal congestion
When sleep disorders are linked to the environment, the causes can be varied: noise, snoring in the spouse, a poorly insulated apartment, a noisy neighborhood, daily stress, family, work, or even bedding in poor condition.
 

Causes of sleep disorders

Several factors cause sleep problems.
 

Hygiene of life

Regarding the causes of healthy living, we can cite the work schedule, night work, shift work, festive nightlife, jet lag, too intense physical activity, too rich food, consumption of stimulants (or more generally psychoactive substances such as alcohol or narcotics). Finally, hypnotic or psychotropic drugs can also impact the quality of sleep.
If you suffer from sleep disorders whose causes are not mentioned above, these are not medically explained. In all attempts to explain, doctors agree to suspect dysfunctions of the nervous system.
 

Primary insomnia

The most relevant cases are primary insomnia: sleepwalking, narcolepsy, night terrors, or nocturnal anxieties. Primary insomnia is a disorder of unknown origin, which is not the case of somnambulism. Sleepwalking attacks arise from hereditary genetic factors, stress or emotional trauma, or even migraines with women's predominance.
Finally, they can also be linked to diseases such as:
  • Epilepsy
  • Gilles de la Tourette disease
  • Fever
  • Hormonal change (puberty)
  • Psychotropic drugs
 

Narcolepsy

What is narcolepsy? It is one of the sleep disorders whose origin is not yet identified is narcolepsy. This is known to be a disease affecting the nervous system. Its mechanism remains a mystery. Narcolepsy is genetic. However, other causes can trigger it. The stress. A trauma. Depression. An emotional shock.
 

Night terror

Let's end with the night terror. Although it is poorly understood, it too has its origins in a dysfunction of the nervous system. It is an incomplete development of sleep. We must also add medical causes (infectious disease) and psychological (family problem, work).
 

Forms of sleep disorders

There are mainly 5 types of sleep disorders in adults :
  • Dyssomnia: degradation of the quality and quantity of sleep
  • Insomnia: sleep deficiencies
  • Hypersomnia: excess sleep
  • Parasomnia: abnormal and unwanted behavioral or psychic events occurring during sleep
  • Circadian rhythm disorders: overall biological rhythm
 

Dyssomnias

Sleep disorders called dyssomnias are usually linked to an impairment in both the quality and quantity of sleep. We speak of dyssomnia in the following cases of sleep disorders:
Whenever your sleep is lacking in quality because it is not allowing you to benefit from the therapeutic activity of your system;
Whenever your sleep lacks quantity because you lack sleep, or at least that you exceed the reasonable limits (sleeping badly and not enough).
 

Insomnia

What is the definition of insomnia, which remains the most common sleep disorder in adults? It is a fact of not getting enough sleep or sleeping poorly. This can have several isolated or simultaneous consequences: drowsiness, irritability, or even mood disorders during the day.
Insomnia is acute. Suffering from insomnia means hardly sleeping for one or more consecutive days. Sleep disturbances often appear as a result of a difficult event. The causes of insomnia can be grief, an accumulation of stress, job loss, a money problem ...
It also happens that the sleep disorders are such that you suffer from anxiety, all the more important, that you are afraid to go to bed. Therefore, not be able to sleep. In these conditions, we speak of chronic insomnia or psychophysiological insomnia. If this happens to you most of the time at home, you may find it easier to sleep somewhere other than at home.
Either way, you can feel like you're sleeping. Or to have slept. But also the opposite impression: that of not having slept or not enough. From then on, you are convinced that you have insomnia. In reality, you sleep well and get enough sleep hours to be in good (normal) shape. More simply, if you find yourself in one of these cases: you suffer from a bad perception of your sleep!
 

Hypersomnia

By definition, hypersomnia results in an extension of sleep times accompanied by excessive drowsiness during the day. A person with hypersomniac wants to sleep all the time. Sometimes she even falls asleep without realizing it in the middle of the day, called daytime hypersomnia.
 

Parasomnia

Wondering what the definition of parasomnia is? It is an unusual manifestation taking place during sleep.
Sleep disorders called parasomnias are sleep disorders associated with nocturnal awakenings but do not cause a significant disturbance of sleep nor an impairment of vigilance during the day. Most often, these are sleep disorders observed in children and adolescents. Sleep disorders of this type persist in adults and become pathological.
For example, this often results in sleepwalking, night terrors, or disorders associated with REM sleep. Also, nocturnal bruxism (teeth grinding while sleeping) or nocturnal enuresis (urinary incontinence during the night) is part of it.
 

Circadian rhythm disorders

Circadian rhythm disturbances, or sleep-wakefulness, are caused by an abnormal cycle. It is a discrepancy between the times of sleep and the times of waking. They cause you to stay awake or sleep until undue hours.
 

Treatment of sleep disorders: what to do?

Insomnia, narcolepsy, dyssomnia, and other sleep disorders: what are the treatments and solutions available to put an end to these devastating ailments, both physically and mentally?
Here are some effective remedies to eliminate sleep disturbances:
Sleep hygiene education: this consists of reducing the consumption of stimulants such as coffee, alcohol, tobacco, and energy drinks. It is equally important to choose an adequate mattress, good quality bedding, and to avoid sports activities in the evening. It is advisable to take therapeutic naps, to eat properly ... The hygiene of life greatly conditions the hygiene of sleep.
Medicines: they depend on the type of sleep disorder and its causes. When the disorder is caused by a mental problem such as depression or a mood disorder, antidepressants are prescribed. But when no disorder is associated, doctors usually prescribe a hypnotic. It should still be noted that these drugs have significant side effects. They are increasingly discouraged.
Behavioral Coaching:Medication Therapy Management Program - Surely the best remedy for sleep disorders. Behavioral therapy, the most effective of these, can treat the problem at its root. She does not use any medication and does not produce any side effects. The first results are visible from the first sessions. The treatment lasts between 6 and 8 weeks